【讀新聞學英文】2022.08.19 英國新聞


Recent research has found that even two years after Covid-19 diagnosis, adults remain at high risk for epilepsy, brain fog, dementia and other mental health disorders.

最近的研究發現,即使在診斷出 Covid-19 兩年後,成人患上癲癇症、腦霧、癡呆和其他心理健康疾病的風險仍然很高。

Children are also at increased risk of being diagnosed with epilepsy or seizures, encephalitis, and nerve root disorders that can cause pain, weakness or loss of sensation in an arms or a leg.


NHS England will launch the Covid Booster programme on 5 September and will become the world’s first healthcare system to deliver next-generation vaccines against the original strain of COVID-19 and the Omicron variant.


More than 26 million people will be eligible for another Covid-19 vaccine in the next few months, but the likelihood that citizens will be mandated to wear masks on public transport this winter remains fairly high.



  • Diagnosis (Verb) 診斷
  • Epilepsy (Noun) 癲癇
  • Dementia (Noun) 失智
  • Disorder (Noun) 紊亂
  • Seizure (Noun) 發作
  • Encephalitis (Noun) 腦災
  • Eligible (Adj) 有資格的
  • Likelihood (Noun) 可能性


Long Covid risk extends two years after infection. Here’s how to assess your risk (https://edition.cnn.com/2022/08/18/health/long-covid-at-two-years-wellness/index.html)

NHS England to roll out dual-variant Covid jab from September (https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/aug/18/nhs-england-to-use-dual-variant-covid-vaccine-in-autumn-booster-programme-moderna-bivalent)

Crime 違法行爲

A man has been arrested on suspicion of abduction and sexual assault of a six-year-old girl in Greater Manchester.

一名男子因涉嫌在大曼徹斯特綁架和性侵犯 6 歲女孩而被捕。

A 44-year-old man has been charged with the stabbing of an 87-year-old man to death on a mobility scooter in London.


People living in London and Manchester must pay attention to the safety of themselves and those around them.



  • Suspicion (Noun) 懷疑
  • Abduction (Noun) 綁架
  • Assault (Noun/Verb) 襲擊
  • Stab (Verb) 刺
  • Mobility scooter (Noun) 代步車


Man arrested on suspicion of abduction and sexual assault of girl, 6, in Droylsden, Greater Manchester (https://news.sky.com/story/man-arrested-on-suspicion-of-abduction-and-sexual-assault-of-girl-6-in-droylsden-greater-manchester-12676280)

Man arrested in London over murder of 87-year-old on mobility scooter (https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2022/aug/18/suspect-under-arrest-in-mobility-scooter

Cost of living 生活成本

With soaring inflation, falling wages and the prediction up to £3,600 in energy bills, the rising cost of living has made many British families living in distress.


Research by property consultancy Dataloft shows that renters under the age of 30 are facing a greater financial crisis than other age groups. As four in 10 young renters are now locked into contracts that exceed 30% of their pay on rent, once the prices of energy and daily necessities soar, there are concerns on their affordability.

房地產諮詢公司 Dataloft 的研究顯示,30歲以下的租客正面臨比起其他年齡組別的租客更大的財務危機。因為他們之中有4成人將30%以上的工資用來交租,一旦水電能源和日用品價格飆升,他們可能會難以負擔。

The NHS believes that soaring prices mean that citizens may choose to skip meals, use less water and stop using heaters to make ends meet, which could in turn lead to outbreaks of disease across the country and widen health inequalities, so it is hoped that the government will act quickly to help households deal with the energy cost crisis.



  • Distress (Noun) 苦惱
  • Lock into (Verb) 鎖定
  • Affordability (Noun) 負擔能力
  • Households (Noun) 家庭


Retail sales in Great Britain rise despite cost of living crisis (https://www.theguardian.com/business/2022/aug/19/retail-sales-in-great-britain-rise-despite-cost-of-living-crisis)

Consumer confidence hits record low as prices soar (https://news.yahoo.com/consumer-confidence-hits-record-low-062908927.html)

UK workers suffer biggest hit to their wages since records began (https://edition.cnn.com/2022/08/16/economy/uk-real-wages-biggest-drop-on-record/index.html)

Bills will hit nearly £3,600 from October, experts say in final prediction (https://uk.finance.yahoo.com/news/bills-hit-nearly-3-600-200538002.html)

Former BP chief urges freeze to UK energy price cap to help households (https://www.theguardian.com/business/2022/aug/19/former-bp-chief-urges-freeze-to-uk-energy-price-cap-to-help-households)

Four in 10 under-30s locked into rent contracts that exceed 30% of pay (https://www.theguardian.com/money/2022/aug/19/four-in-10-under-30s-locked-into-rent-contracts-that-exceed-30-per-cent-of-pay-great-britain)

Growing share of under-30s pay unaffordable rent (https://www.bbc.com/news/business-62525269)

NHS leaders warn of ‘humanitarian crisis’ if government doesn’t act on energy costs (https://www.theguardian.com/business/2022/aug/19/nhs-leaders-warn-of-humanitarian-crisis-if-government-doesnt-act-on-energy-costs)

Transport 交通

Transport in London was brought to a halt as Tube and buses kept up with the wave of walkouts on pay.


The three-day strikes will continue into Saturday and may continue to affect traffic on Sunday.


Unions have demanded a pay rise which meets the rate of inflation, but the government fears that big wage increases could in turn fuel inflation. The union and the firms are currently in a confrontation situation, and it is not known whether a consensus can be reached in the short term.



  • Bring to a halt 停下
  • Strike / Walkout (Noun) 罷工
  • Fuel (Verb) 助長
  • Confrontation (Noun) 對抗
  • Consensus (Noun) 共識


Strikes over pay bring London’s transport network to a halt (https://edition.cnn.com/2022/08/19/business/transport-strikes-london/index.html)

Transport strikes: More travel misery as London Underground and bus staff begin latest walkout (https://news.sky.com/story/transport-strikes-more-travel-misery-as-london-underground-and-bus-staff-begin-latest-walkout-12676263)

Weather 天氣

Parts of Wales have officially declared drought conditions after a prolonged period of dry weather and low rainfall caused water levels to plummet.


Pembrokeshire and parts of Carmarthenshire have implemented their first hosepipe ban in three decades amid strained public water supplies.


Experts say any rains currently forecast is expected to be short, intense and unlikely to change the situation significantly, with very wet weather needed for the fall and winter ahead to ensure land recovery.



  • Plummet (Verb) 直線下降
  • Implemented (Verb) 實施
  • Amid (Prop) 之中
  • Strained (Adj) 緊張的
  • Significantly (Adv) 顯著地


Drought declared in parts of Wales after water levels plummet (https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2022/aug/19/drought-declared-parts-of-wales-water-levels-plummet)

Hosepipe ban starts as drought declared in south-west Wales (https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-62592174)

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